This article begins a ten part series on the subatomic and atomic realm. We will start with three articles reviewing quantum physics and discussing the geometry of subatomic particle interactions and the photon. Then we will go into a five part series about the dynamics of gravity and electromagnetism. Then we will finish with two articles discussing the geometry of the atomic realm.
Keep in mind that all ‘particles’ including subatomic particles, photons, electrons and protons, are actually spherical waves oscillating inwards and outwards from the center of the toroidal Aether flow of Aether units.
All of these ‘particles’ are actually wave structures. The waves are spread out through time and space while in time/space and when observed or measured they are seen as particles in space/time – that is, a discrete point in space and time.
These ideas are extremely important to remember as we move through this ten-part series.
The Standard Model of Particle Physics
The Standard Model describes all the elementary ‘particles’ matter is composed of including electrons, quarks, photons, protons, neutrons…and many others.
It describes the interactions between the elementary particles and the forces of the universe such as: strong interaction, weak interaction, electromagnetic (EM) interaction and gravitational interaction.
Mainstream science asserts:
The strong force supposedly holds the protons within the nucleus of an atom.
The weak force supposedly allows for radioactive decay of subatomic particles.
The electromagnetic force takes place between all charged particles.
The gravitational force was traditionally thought to be a very weak, undetectable force.
It does not succeed in explaining or integrating these four forces and their interactions among particles.
We have discussed the unification of these forces in earlier articles and will return to them in further detail in Articles 125-129.
“Particles, the energy mass of the standard model, represent only 4% of the mass of the universe. The remaining 96% would be dark matter and dark energy.”1
This means that the universe is made up of mostly “empty space” and not physical matter or particles. We know that “empty space” is NOT empty. It is a writhing, seething field of energetic relationships and probabilities. In other words, empty space is Aether.
Furthermore, mainstream science asserts there must be dark matter and dark energy to balance the force of gravity in the universe. However dark matter and dark energy have never been detected. So what is “dark energy”? Very simply put, dark energy is Aether. We talk a lot in Cosmic Core on the nature and necessity of Aether and why the word “Aether” is essentially forbidden in mainstream science. Nevertheless, we will be very clear: There is an Aether. When you put the Aether back in the equation you do not need to make up ad hoc concepts such as ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’. The Aether is all you need to explain how the universe actually works. Aether physics is the key toward the future. Don’t let these confusing concepts such as dark energy get in the way of a clear comprehension of how the universe works. We discuss the Aether in great, great detail throughout Cosmic Core.
The Standard Model is not the fruit of a revolution at the fundamental level, but the result of laborious development, experiment after experiment.
“Werner Heisenberg, Paul Dirac and Niels Bohr were convinced that there would need to be another revolution in the foundations of physics in order to explain nuclear force.”2
Mathematician Alain Connes said, “No one thinks that the standard model is the final word in the story, particularly due to the very large number of free parameters that it contains.”
In short, the standard model, like general relativity is full of holes, inconsistencies and paradoxes that need to be reconciled.
Quantum Mechanics (Quantum Physics)
“The history of quantum mechanics is a fundamental part of the history of modern physics. Quantum mechanics’ history, as it interlaces with the history of quantum chemistry, began essentially with a number of different scientific discoveries:”3 including the discovery of cathode rays by Michael Faraday in 1838, the black-body radiation statement by Gustav Kirchoff in 1859-60, the idea of discrete energy states of a physical system by Ludwig Boltzman in 1877, the discovery of the photoelectric effect by Heinrich Hertz in 1887 and the derivation of Planck’s constant by Max Planck in 1900.
1920s Quantum Physicist Group
The phrase ‘quantum physics’ was first used in Johnston’s book Planck’s Universe in Light of Modern Physics in 1931.
The following group of physicists coined the phrase ‘quantum mechanics’ in the early 1920s:
- Niels Bohr – Denmark
- Louis De Broglie – France
- Max Born – Germany
- Erwin Schrodinger – Austria
- Wolfgang Pauli – Austria
- Werner Heisenberg – Germany
- Paul Dirac – England
October 1927 Fifth Solvay International Conference on Electrons and Photons, Brussels, Belgium. Left to right:
Back: Auguste Piccard, Émile Henriot, Paul Ehrenfest, Édouard Herzen, Théophile de Donder, Erwin Schrödinger, JE Verschaffelt, Wolfgang Pauli, Werner Heisenberg, Ralph Fowler, Léon Brillouin.
Middle: Peter Debye, Martin Knudsen, William Lawrence Bragg, Hendrik Anthony Kramers, Paul Dirac, Arthur Compton, Louis de Broglie, Max Born, Niels Bohr.
Front: Irving Langmuir, Max Planck, Marie Curie, Hendrik Lorentz, Albert Einstein, Paul Langevin, Charles-Eugène Guye, CTR Wilson, Owen Richardson.
Dirac discovered subatomic units of matter are very abstract entities which have a dual wave-particle aspect.
Interestingly, Heisenberg became aware of the interpenetrating dynamics of science and spirituality after studying the strange and fascinating quantum realm. He said, “The first gulp from the glass of natural sciences will turn you into an atheist, but at the bottom of the glass God is waiting for you.”
What Planck demonstrated, in effect, was that in the “very small” one encountered not some ultimate irreducible particle, but a singularity, or a ‘unity principle’.
Quantum theory is based on probabilities. Remember how important probabilities are to ensure free will. Without probabilities as a fundamental aspect of reality, there would be no free will. Quantum theory acknowledges the fundamental relationship between probabilities and reality.
At the subatomic level matter does not exist with certainty at definite places, but rather shows ‘tendencies to occur’ expressed as probabilities – probabilities of interconnections.
Subatomic particles have no meaning as isolated entities, but can only be understood as interconnections [or relationships] between the preparation of an experiment and the subsequent measurement.
Quantum theory reveals a basic oneness of the universe.
There are no basic building blocks of matter. There are only a complicated web of relations between various parts and the whole.
Relations always include the observer [consciousness of the observer] in an essential way.
Quantum entanglement – a physical phenomenon that occurs when pairs or groups of particles are generated or interact in ways such that the quantum state of each particle cannot be described independently — instead a quantum state may be given for the system as a whole.
In essence, all points in space and time are connected. This is the key premise of the new scientific paradigm, Aether physics and suppressed science and technology.
Quantum superposition – any two (or more) quantum states can be added together (“superposed”) and the result will be another valid quantum state; and conversely, that every quantum state can be represented as a sum of two or more other distinct states.
Superposition – while we do not know what the state of any object is, it is actually in all possible states simultaneously [its wave nature], as long as we don’t look to check. It is the measurement itself that causes the object to be limited to a single possibility [its particle nature].
What we see in quantum physics is the reality of all matter/life existing in two states at once – a metaphysical state as a structure of waves that are spread out in space and time existing in a medium of probabilities; and a physical state existing as a collection of particles that are pinned down in one point in space and time. Only when we use our consciousness to observe, measure, decide or intend, does our consciousness pick from one probability out of a medium of infinite probabilities. Then we are able to measure or observe or move forward on one path or another.
Sub-atomic particles were first discovered in the 1930’s. Today we know over 200. Some of these include: electrons, photons, protons, neutrons, antiparticles, pions, muons, kaons, baryons, neutrinos and quarks.
Subatomic particles move at speeds approaching the speed of light.
Since a particle’s mass equals a certain amount of energy it is not seen as a static object, but a dynamic pattern, a process involving energy which manifests itself as the particle’s mass.
Subatomic particles are only further dividable when collided involving high energy in huge particle accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider.
Subatomic Particle Interactions
However, it is to be noted that we cannot divide matter into smaller and smaller pieces – we just create new particles out of the energy involved. This is key! Life forms and matter cannot be broken down into smaller and smaller pieces. It is the wholeness and the myriad processes that make up the wholeness that account for life and matter. Even matter, such as a table, cannot be broken down into smaller and smaller parts and still be a table. It is the entirety of its molecular structure and the relationship of processes that occur among the molecules that account for the table being a table. The table consists of ever-changing relationships among its parts. All parts are necessary.
Subatomic particles are destructible and indestructible at the same time.
Matter is both continuous and discontinuous.
Force and matter are different aspects of the same phenomenon.
Most subatomic particles created in collisions live for a very short time – less than a millionth of a second.
They are detected and measured using bubble chambers.
Bubble chambers are also known as vapor-trail analysis.
Bubble Chamber vapor-trail Analysis
David Wilcock states, “The medium used to detect ‘particles’ is typically a glass chamber that is filled with highly pressurized gas, such as water vapor. The pressure is so high that no further molecules can be forced in, and when a charged ‘particle’ travels through the medium, it creates visible disturbances.”
Matter has appeared as completely mutable (changeable). All particles can be transmuted into other particles. They are created from energy and vanish into energy.
The whole universe appears as a dynamic web of inseparable energy patterns.
All are interconnected, interrelated and independent. They cannot be understood as isolated entities but only as integrated parts of the whole.
Note that these interesting paradoxical properties of matter can easily be explained by understanding that all matter exists in two realms simultaneously – the realm of ‘existence’ (physical space/time) and the realm of ‘non-existence’ (metaphysical time/space). It is easy to understand then, how matter is continuous and discontinuous, a particle and a wave, destructible and indestructible.
Thomas Young’s Double-Slit Experiment
Thomas Young (1773-1829) was an English polymath and physician whose experiments illustrate superposition well.
Frontispiece from The Life of Thomas Young, M.D. (1855) by George Peacock
Dr. Young sent photons (a beam of light) through a barrier with two vertical slits.
Light passes through the slits and the pattern is recorded on a photographic plate.
The plate is separated into multiple lines of lightness and darkness in varying degrees.
Interference is taking place between the waves/particles.
Even when the beam is slowed enough so single photons hit the plate there is still an interference pattern.
This indicates, somehow, that single particles are interfering with themselves.
Richard Feynman explained that each photon not only goes through both slits, but simultaneously takes every possible trajectory en route to the target, not just in theory, but in fact.
Results from the Double slit experiment: Pattern from a single slit vs. a double slit. Credit: Jordgette
Wave-particle duality applies to subatomic particles, light and all other electromagnetic radiation.
Louis de Broglie said in his Nobel Prize Speech for Quantum Physics in 1929: “On the one hand the quantum theory of light cannot be considered satisfactory since it defines the energy of a light particle (photon) by the equation E=hf containing the frequency f. Now a purely particle theory contains nothing that enables us to define a frequency; for this reason alone, therefore, we are compelled, in the case of light, to introduce the idea of a particle and that of frequency simultaneously. On the other hand, determination of the stable motion of electrons in the atom introduces integers, and up to this point the only phenomena involving integers in physics were those of interference and of normal modes of vibration. This fact suggested to me the idea that electrons too could not be considered simply as particles, but that frequency (wave properties) must be assigned to them also.”
Wave-particle duality encapsulates the fact that every elementary particle or quantic entity exhibits the properties of not only particles, but also waves.
Particles are constantly popping in and out of a wave state.
These particles include photons, electrons, protons, single atoms and clusters of atoms. (All atoms are oscillating in and out between two realms of reality – physical space/time and metaphysical time/space. Matter is not solid, it only appears to be.)
A wave is a particle spaced out in time (a vibrational pattern in space and time). Some of the particle is in the past, some in the present, and some in the future. The wave-state is the matter in time/space. The particle-state is matter in space/time.
Credit: Gabriel LaFreniere – http://www.rhythmodynamics.com/Gabriel_LaFreniere/matter.htm
To review: A wave is characterized by:
Amplitude – the extension of the vibration.
Wavelength – the distance between two successive crests.
Wavelength is inversely proportional to momentum of a particle.
A wave with a small wavelength corresponds to a particle moving with a high momentum.
Frequency – the number of times the point oscillates back and forth every second.
Frequency of the wave is proportional to the particles’ energy. A wave with a high frequency has a high energy (such as violet light).
Red light has a low frequency and a long wavelength. In this case the photons are of low energy and momentum.
Particles moving in wave patterns do not exist in nature.
In a water wave the water particles do not move along with the wave but move in circles as the wave passes by.
Air particles in a sound wave oscillate back and forth but do not propagate along with the wave.
The disturbance causing the wave is propagated, the material particles are not.
Wave Motion: Water molecules and particles move in circles as the wave of energy passes through.
The wave-particle duality creates an existence-non-existence duality.
The particle is not present at a definite place, nor is it absent. It does not change its position, nor does it remain at rest.
It is oscillating back and forth from time/space to space/time; or the invisible metaphysical non-existence realm to the visible physical realm of existence. This extremely important concept reconciles these apparent paradoxes.
The particle does not change its position or remain at rest. What changes is the probability pattern. The probability pattern changing is a direct result of consciousness ‘choosing’, ‘observing’ or ‘measuring’.
“The concept of a distinct physical entity, like a particle, is an idealization which has no fundamental significance. It can only be defined in terms of its connections to the whole, and these connections are of a statistical nature – probabilities rather than certainties.”4
“The electron has been said to have no mass but only a field. Others claim a mass of infinitesimal measure. Both are correct. The true mass of the potentiated energy is the strength of the field. This is also true metaphysically.”5
The Oscillation of Atoms
“The nature of matter itself is not understood. The behavior of atoms and molecules is perceived only during the range of particular vibratory rhythms. When your scientists examine them they do not examine the nature of an atom. They only explore the characteristics of an atom as it acts or shows itself within your system. Its greater reality completely escapes them.
You understand that there are spectrums of light. So are there spectrums of matter.
It seems as if an atom “exists” steadily for a certain amount of time. Instead it phases in and out, so to speak. It fluctuates in a highly predictable pattern and rhythm. It can be perceived within your system only at certain points in this fluctuation, so it seems to scientists that the atom is steadily present. They are not aware of any gaps of absence as far as the atom is concerned.
In those periods of nonphysical projection, the off periods of fluctuation, the atoms “appear” in another system of reality. In that system they are perceived in what are “on” points of fluctuation, and in that system also then the atoms seem to appear steadily. There are many such points of fluctuation, but your system of course is not aware of them, nor of the ultimate actions, universes, and systems that exist within them.”6
Wave-particle Duality on the Classical Scale
In 1999 scientists Olaf Nairz, Markus Arndt and Anton Zeilinger published a paper entitled, “Quantum interference experiments with large molecules”.
They write, “Wave–particle duality is frequently the first topic students encounter in elementary quantum physics. Although this phenomenon has been demonstrated with photons, electrons, neutrons, and atoms, the dual quantum character of the famous double-slit experiment can be best explained with the largest and most classical objects, which are currently the fullerene molecules. The soccer-ball-shaped carbon cages C-60 are large, massive, and appealing objects for which it is clear that they must behave like particles under ordinary circumstances.”7
Fullerene Molecules are Carbon-60 molecules 1 nm (nanometer) in width. They are also referred to as “Buckyballs”.
Fullerene Molecules or Buckyballs
This team of scientists directed a beam of C-60 molecules through 100 nm diffraction grating.
“In optics, a diffraction grating is an optical component with a periodic structure, which splits and diffracts light into several beams traveling in different directions. The emerging coloration is a form of structural coloration.”8
An interference pattern resulted. One solid ball strikes in multiple places on the opposite side. Thus, the buckyballs rolled inside-out, transforming into waves – that is, they flipped over into the parallel reality of time/space and became a wave structure, then flipped back as particles in a certain place and time.
Parallels of Wave-Particle Duality with Eastern Mysticism
In Fritjof Capra’s book The Tao of Physics, he relates that Eastern Mysticism recognizes the individuality of all things.
These ancient teachings were aware that all differences and contrasts are relative within an all-embracing unity.
They are also aware of the relativity and polar relationship of all opposites.
Opposites are merely two sides of the same reality – extreme parts of a single whole.
All opposites are interdependent, their conflict can never result in the total victory of one side – there will always be a manifestation of the interplay between the two sides.
This is the notion of dynamic balance.
Circular movement will appear as an oscillation between two opposite points, but in the movement itself the opposites are unified and transcended.
The Upanishads states, “It moves. It moves not. It is far, and It is near. It is within all this, And It is outside of all this.”
Ancient Chinese thought recognizes that opposite concepts stand in a polar, or complementary relationship to each other.
This is the well-known concept of yin/yang. Yin/yang is the dynamic interplay of opposites (or merging tendencies) as the essence of all natural phenomena and human situations.
Quantum physicist Niels Bohr’s coat of arms read, “Opposites are complementary” with a yin/yang symbol portrayed.
Many a scientist understands the interrelated factors of science and spirituality although the idea is sadly resisted in mainstream science.
“Any investigation of the basic inner universe, which is the only real universe, must be done as much as possible from a point outside your own distortions…To get outside your own universe, you must travel inward…Your so-called scientific, so-called objective experiments can continue for an eternity, but they will only probe further and further with camouflage physical instruments into a camouflage universe…The subconscious, it is true, has elements of its own distortions, but these are easier to escape then the tons of distortive camouflage atmosphere that weigh your scientific experiments down.”9
We have investigated the important concept of wave-particle duality in this article. Hopefully the reader understands that this phenomenon is the result of the dual realms of the universe that all matter/life oscillates between. These are the physical realm of space/time where the particle nature is revealed and the metaphysical realm of time/space where the source wave nature is revealed.
All matter and life are both particles and waves, both continuous and discontinuous, both eternal and fleeting.
Once again, science circles back around to spirituality and spirituality circles back around to science.
- Mistiaen, Mark, A Black Hole at the Heart of the Atom: What if Nassim Haramein was right? Nexus, November-December 2013
- Capra, Fritjof, The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism, Shambhala Publications, Inc, 1975
- Elkins, Rueckert, McCarty, The Law of One, Session 39.4, http://www.lawofone.info/results.php?s=39
- Roberts, Jane, Seth Speaks: The Eternal Validity of the Soul, Amber-Allen Publishing, 1972
- Nairz, Olaf, Markus Arndt, Anton Zeilinger, Quantum Interference Experiments with Large Molecules, American Journal of Physics 71, 319 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.1531580
- Roberts, Jane, The Unknown Reality: Volume One (A Seth Book), Amber-Allen Publishing, 1977