In this article we will take a side step from Aether science to explore the vacuum energy of the quantum field and how the traditional idea relates to our new scientific paradigm and the existence of the Aether.
Harmonic Oscillators of Mainstream “Vacuum Energy”
Traditionally speaking, “Vacuum energy is an underlying background energy that exists in space throughout the entire Universe.”1
What is this vacuum energy but a space medium! What is a space medium but the Aether!
This is as close as mainstream scientists allow themselves to get to admitting there must be a space medium connecting all in the universe. They may be able to admit there is a medium, but the nature of that medium – its properties and functions – are less understood and highly debated.
The vacuum energy is also known as zero-point energy – that is, the energy of the system at a temperature of absolute zero (0 degrees Kelvin or -273.15° C or -459.67° F).
“But quantum mechanics says that, even in their ground state, all systems still maintain fluctuations and have an associated zero-point energy as a consequence of their wave-like nature. Thus even a particle cooled down to absolute zero will still exhibit some vibrations.”2
Dr. Hal Puthoff (1936-present), engineer and parapsychologist, discovered just that. He found that when you cool down an object to 0 degrees Kelvin (the lowest temperature theoretically possible), you should be able to get a point where there will be no movement to the atoms. Eliminating this motion is completely impossible however – the energy of the universe is always in flux.
There is a tremendous amount of leftover motion called zero point energy. Scientists calculated how much energy is in space itself. The amount contained in one light-bulb sized area of space is enough to boil off the world’s oceans instantaneously.
This all sounds like an Aether!
For instance, it is clearly stated in Wikipedia, “According to Quantum Field Theory the universe can be thought of not as isolated particles but continuous fluctuating fields: matter fields, whose quanta are fermions (i.e. leptons and quarks), and force fields, whose quanta are bosons (e.g. photons and gluons). All these fields have zero-point energy. These fluctuating zero-point fields lead to a kind of reintroduction of an aether in physics, since some systems can detect the existence of this energy. However this aether cannot be thought of as a physical medium if it is to be Lorentz invariant such that there is no contradiction with Einstein’s theory of special relativity….Physics currently lacks a full theoretical model for understanding zero-point energy, in particular the discrepancy between theorized and observed vacuum energy is a source of major contention.”3
It is basically coming right out and telling us that quantum mechanics demands an aether must exist, but it cannot contradict Einstein’s theory of special relativity. Perhaps Einstein’s theory needs to be reevaluated and adjusted to new advancements in Aether science, not the other way around!
We have discussed again and again the holes and inconsistencies in Einstein’s theory of general relativity. We have also discussed the media deification of Einstein – that is, the portrayal of him as a God that is not to be questioned. It is time to extricate ourselves from the cult of Einstein and step forward to a more coherent and unified scientific paradigm.
Julian S. Schwinger (1918-1994), a Nobel Prize winning American physicist proposed a quantum field having harmonic oscillators at each and every point in space.
These oscillators can serve as a quantization of space and they can serve as a space medium. The vacuum energy then exists at every point in space.
“If the field at each point in space is a simple harmonic oscillator, its quantization places a quantum harmonic oscillator at each point. Excitations of the field correspond to the elementary particles of particle physics. Thus according to quantum field theory, even the vacuum has a vastly complex structure and all calculations of quantum field theory must be made in relation to this model of the vacuum.”4
In the new scientific paradigm we do not associate these oscillators with varying energy levels as Schwinger did. In Conrad Ranzan’s Dynamic Steady State Universe (DSSU) they are referred to as ‘essence fluctuators’. They do not contain energy, as we know it, or mass because they exist beyond the Planck scale. They are Aether units.
They are fluctuations of consciousness. Thoughts, emotions and other movements of consciousness have an electromagnetic reality.
This is a key point of the new scientific paradigm. Traditional science essentially “cuts off reality” at the Plank scale (1.6 x 10–35 meters) – claiming that wavelengths shorter than the Plank length do not exist. This is called renormalization. It is a pure denial that the spectrum of wavelengths continue to extend to infinity in both directions (the small & large).
As Reddit commentor oldcoot88 explains…reality should not be cut off at the Planck length. “The great bulk of ‘What Is’ in terms of energy-density, resides on the ‘other side’ of the Planck length – the subPlanckian Energy Domain [a.k.a. Aether] – with ever-finer scales of pixelization – each ‘sub-pixel’ of ever-higher energy density, ad infinitum.
And get this – the mainstream’s own math has shown the energy-density of the perceived “vacuum” to be enormously high, functionally infinite. Yet they won’t accept what their own math tells them, and resort to “renormalization” to sidestep the catastrophe. You might like to Google “vacuum catastrophe” just for chuckles.” [Vacuum catastrophe discussed at the end of this article.]
He then goes on to explain, “Think of the octaves on a piano keyboard, with each octave representing a “dimension”. Then picture the keyboard extending infinitely in both directions. In the upward(/inward) direction, it’s a vibrational continuum of higher and higher frequencies, shorter and shorter wavelengths beyond the Planck threshold, encompassing the mental, emotional and spiritual realms. It’s a nestedness-of-scale, a fractalization of octaves, each “dimension” interlocking with the next… on the Keyboard of Infinity.”
“One contribution to the vacuum energy may be from virtual particles which are thought to be particle pairs that blink into existence and then annihilate in a timespan too short to observe.”5
Dr. Harold Aspden comments, “Scientists now believe that particles of matter, pairs of electrons and positrons, can appear ‘as if from nowhere’, though they hide all this in their mathematical equations and refer to the phenomenon as ‘vacuum energy fluctuations’.”
In an article from November 20, 2008 in the New Scientist, It’s confirmed: Matter is merely vacuum fluctuations, John von Neumann at the Institute for Computing in Julich, Germany discusses the discovery that mass appears to come from virtual particles popping into and out of the quantum vacuum.
In the article von Neumann asks, “Each proton (or neutron) is made of three quarks – but the individual masses of these quarks only add up to about 1% of the proton’s mass. So what accounts for the rest of it?”
To solve the total mass they needed to account for the energy of vacuum fluctuations of virtual particles randomly popping into existence and disappearing again.
To do so, they developed a method called lattice QCD, which models smooth space and time as a grid of separate points.
They were able to calculate within 2% of the value measured by experiments.6
“It tells us that most of our mass comes from virtual [particles] fizzing away in the quantum vacuum.”
Or, in other words, mass is a result of the flow and excitations in the Aether!
In a roundabout way, these experiments are bringing us back to the idea of Dewey Larson’s that “All is motion.” It is admitted that mass is a result of fluctuations. It also admitted that excitations of the vacuum correspond to various subatomic particles. What they do not admit is that these excitations, fluctuations and oscillations are coming from a metaphysical source field – the Aether.
What is proposed by the new scientific paradigm and by the physics of Dewey Larson, is that these oscillations occur solely as a result of polarity – that is the oscillation between reciprocal aspects of space and time. In other words, the oscillations occur as each photon and particle oscillate back and forth between the invisible metaphysical realm of time/space to the visible physical realm of space/time.
They are not appearing ‘from nowhere’. They are appearing from time/space.
Everything in reality is fluctuating back and forth between space/time (the visible physical reality) and time/space (the invisible metaphysical reality or the “virtual” reality where “virtual” particles come from and disappear back into) – pouring into and out of itself as in the motion of an hourglass that automatically refills itself. This flow through the hourglass from top to bottom, and then from bottom to top creates a toroidal flow process. Thus, everything in reality exists in both realms simultaneously.
Consciousness is what puts the oscillation in motion, and it is also what determines the qualities (strength, type, intensity…etc.) and results of those oscillations.
This is also explains the Heisenberg uncertainty principle – that is “the more precisely the position of some particle is determined, the less precisely its momentum can be known, and vice versa.”7
This is because we can only observe half of its properties at one time, because it exists elsewhere for half of its existence. We are only able to pinpoint its properties in time, or in space, but not both simultaneously because it exists in two realms at once and we are only able to access one realm at a time with our current understanding.
As Walter Russell writes in A New Concept of the Universe regarding the quantum theory, “This theory claims not only that energy is within matter, but that it exists in “bundles”. Its very basis has no relation to Nature anywhere, nor to the workings of polarity–the great divider–nor to the electric wave.
One part of the theory describes certain microscopic “resonators” embedded within particles of matter to make it vibrate. These are set in motion, according to a recent article in Scientific American, by light entering through holes which must be of just the right size in every case to cause the vibrations to release these “bundles” of energy. Nothing could be more fantastic nor more of a travesty of Nature, for the only cause of vibration is polarity.
The only vibrations there are in Nature are those interchanges between the two opposites of polarity which extend from zero to a plus and minus zero. These are the destination points between which motion oscillates in sequences of reversals. The reversals are the pulse beats of Nature.”
Credit: Walter Russell
This precisely aligns with the physics of Dewey Larson and the oscillation from time/space to space/time.
Walter Russell’s cube-sphere – the fundamental process of the Universe – a torus-like flow process of polarity. “The reversals are the pulse beats of Nature.” The reversals are the crossing from time/space to space/time and back again in a continuous fashion.
“The theories and scientific research in this particular area of quantum physics lay the ground work for attempting to explain how the mind/brain/brainwaves initiate transactions in the natural; how our thoughts commingle with everything else, and cause matter to manifest in our lives. The more we look at this area, the clearer the spirituality/science connection becomes. If thoughts equal energy and energy equals matter, than thoughts become matter.”8
Richard Conn Henry, Professor in the Henry A. Rowland Department of Physics and Astronomy at Johns Hopkins University wrote in July 2005 in Nature, Volume 436, “The 1925 discovery of quantum mechanics solved the problem of the Universe’s nature. Bright physicists were again led to believe the unbelievable – this time, that the Universe is mental. According to Sir James Jeans: ‘the stream of knowledge is heading towards a non-mechanical reality; the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine. Mind no longer appears to be an accidental intruder into the realm of matter…we ought rather hail it as the creator and governor of the realm of matter.'”
He then goes on to say, “One benefit of switching humanity to a correct perception of the world is the resulting joy of discovering the mental nature of the Universe. We have no idea what this mental nature implies, but – the great thing is – it is true. Beyond the acquisition of this perception, physics can no longer help. You may descend into solipsism, expand to deism, or something else if you can justify it – just don’t ask physics for help.”
The point is that physics has definitively demonstrated that the universe is mental. Since physicists cannot agreed on what the implications are of this mental universe, they shun the topic altogether. Because, let’s be honest, understanding these implications involves embracing not just the scientific, rational-thinking aspect of reality, but also the spiritual intuitive aspect of reality. This requires physicists to be fearless, open-minded and non-dogmatic, transcending any false limitations in order to find the truth.
The Vacuum Energy/Space Medium as Luminiferous Aether
We have established there is a potential to have oscillators/fluctuators (Aether units) at every point. These oscillators are set in motion by consciousness. They oscillate due to polarity – that is, the continual oscillation from time/space to space/time – the metaphysical to the physical – this is the inflow/outflow of the Aether.
In the standard model, if a light beam travels through space, and there are oscillators at every point, the light must travel through them since there are no gaps.
It should be obvious to see the light is being conducted!
Recall from Article 90 how physicist Nassim Haramein fills space with intersecting spheres – the three-dimensional Flower of Life pattern, placing a harmonic oscillator at the center of each sphere. Haramein notes, “This intersecting wave pattern is reminiscent of holographic interference wave patterns.”
It is important to recognize that these oscillators, or Aether units, are wave patterns, and not particle points. They result from Aether flow. The intersecting and interfering waves from the inflow of Aether and the outflow of Aether create the toroidal vortex structure that is represented by the ‘harmonic oscillators’. These oscillators are spinning/rotating and oscillating spheres of Aether. This movement creates the torus shape. Embedded within every spinning torus are all the Platonic solid geometries that act as the energetic framework upon which matter is built. This will be discussed again and again throughout cosmic core.
Note for now how the light is conducted by the oscillators along the light ray’s path by the space medium. This is the luminiferous aether that has been so long rejected. Yet this is not acknowledged my mainstream physicists.
However, as physicist Robert Oerter notes, “A problem arises when you try to calculate how much vacuum energy there is. Embarrassingly, relativistic quantum field theory predicts an infinite amount of …energy.”
Once again, we run into the same problem: Today, few dare to challenge the authority and dogma of Einstein. Until this is done, we will continue to run into the same inconsistencies and paradoxes that are perfectly capable of being resolved when we turn away from Einstein’s general relativity and towards modern Aether science.
The Infinite Vacuum Energy Problem of Standard Physics
Standard Model Infinities in Mainstream Relativistic Physics
There are two kinds of infinities in standard physics: an infinitely small number (discarded by mainstream physics) and infinitely large numbers. Physicists cannot ignore these.
Instead of admitting their theories break down at the quantum level, they renormalize the infinity. That is, they use the Planck Distance (1.616 x 10-35) instead of infinity. Incidentally it is extremely close to the phi ratio (seen below).
“In quantum field theory it was found that the structure of space-time (the vacuum) itself vibrates with significant levels of energy initially calculated to be infinitely dense and renormalized by using the Planck units as a cutoff wavelength to define its smallest possible vibration.”9
Meaning, the vacuum is calculated to be infinitely dense – yet physicists use the process of renormalization to eradicate the infinity from the equation because they do not like to deal with “infinity” as a valid concept.
In our terms, Aether – the metaphysical source medium – is infinite. So this makes perfect sense. It is infinite is time, space, quality, consciousness, variety and potential.
To repeat the comment above: reality should not be cut off at the Planck length. “The great bulk of ‘What Is’ in terms of energy-density, resides on the ‘other side’ of the Planck length – the subPlanckian Energy Domain [a.k.a. Aether] – with ever-finer scales of pixelization – each ‘sub-pixel’ of ever-higher energy density, ad infinitum.”
Renormalization is a mainstream concept. Its definition can be found in Gravitation, the “Bible” of general relativity. It is a huge tome, containing 1,215 pages.
Gravitation plainly states: “present day quantum field theory gets rid of an energy density in the vacuum that would formally be infinite if not removed by this renormalization.
Again, “the mainstream’s own math has shown the energy-density of the perceived “vacuum” to be enormously high, functionally infinite. Yet they won’t accept what their own math tells them, and resort to “renormalization” to sidestep the catastrophe.”
Empty Space & Vacuum Energy
‘Empty Space’ is not empty. It is calculated to be infinitely dense.
“It contains energy in the form of fluctuations of vibrations. This energy is gigantic, since the density of quantum vacuum fluctuation, also known with the name Planck density, is given by pv = 5.16 x 1093 g/cm3.”10
Empty Space & Atomic Volume
The physical, material world is made up of 99.99999…% space.
The size of an atom is approximately 10-10m (0.1 to 0.5 nanometers). This is very tiny.
The size of an atomic nucleus is approximately 10-15m (1.6 to 15 femtometers). This is one hundred thousand times smaller than the atom.
The volume of the nucleus (proportional to its size cubed) is one quadrillion times smaller than the volume of the atom. (1 femtometer = one quadrillionth of a meter.)
Therefore, the volume of the atom is 99.999% vacuum/Aether/Empty Space.
“Empty space” is infinitely dense in order for physics equations to work.
Remember zero-point energy: “There is enough energy inside the space [of an empty coffee] cup to boil all the oceans of the world. This is a fact well known to the scientific community, and was, for example, a favorite quote of Nobel Prize winning physicist Richard Feynman.”11
Strong Evidence of Infinite Energy comes from Quantum Theory
German theoretical physicist Henning Genz tells us, “The same astonishing result can be derived by means of the quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation, which we call quantum electrodynamics. This theory, the implications of which have been verified in many instances with remarkable precision, tells us that the true vacuum at zero temperature still has an infinite supply of radiation energy. [But the] electromagnetic radiation is in fact only one component, albeit infinite in quantity, of the unfathomable energy supply of the vacuum.”12
Particle Interactions & vacuum energy
To recapitulate: The distinction between matter and empty space finally had to be abandoned when it became evident that virtual particles can come into being spontaneously out of the vacuum, and vanish again into the vacuum. Vacuum energy = Aether.
“[Many phenomena] have been extrapolated from quantum-mechanical theory, and they generally depend upon the quantum-mechanical conceptualization of the ‘vacuum-state’. The latter is typically seen as involving only virtual particles, and as possessing infinite energy.”13
“Vacuum energy can also be thought of in terms of virtual particles (also known as vacuum fluctuations) which are created and destroyed out of the vacuum. These particles are always created out of the vacuum in particle-antiparticle pairs, which in most cases shortly annihilate each other and disappear. However, these particles and antiparticles may interact with others before disappearing, a process which can be mapped using Feynman diagrams. Note that this method of computing vacuum energy is mathematically equivalent to having a quantum harmonic oscillator at each point and, therefore, suffers the same renormalization problems.”14
Particle interactions in the vacuum have been traditionally represented by space-time diagrams. These were renamed Feynman diagrams in 1949 after physicist Richard Feynman. This is discussed in great detail in Articles 122-124B.
For now, understand that these subatomic particle interactions are mapped in bubble chambers and supercolliders (as pictured below).
Feynman diagrams are very complex. It requires 90 pages or more of long hand calculations just to do one diagram. There are a massive number of diagrams.
Examples of Feynman diagrams. Note the 6-point geometry.
The central aim of particle interaction theory is to derive the singularity structure of all interactions from the general principles.
Many physicists have attempted to find this singularity structure of all particle interactions. This was finally accomplished in 2013 by two physicists Nima Arkani-Hamed and Jaroslav Trnka.15 See Article 124A.
Now the Feynman diagrams have been replaced by the Amplitudehedron to map particle interactions. Every part of the amplitudehedron is a tetrahedron.
The shape itself appears to be one corner of a star tetrahedron. This has a staggeringly large significance and we will discuss it again and again in Cosmic Core.
Credit: David Wilock
For now, note that particle interactions occur along the edges of geometry, specifically tetrahedrons. This means there are invisible ‘force fields’ of geometry at the quantum level that act as a framework upon which these particles move, interact and combine.
The Casimir Effect
The Casimir Effect was proposed by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir (1909-2000) and Dirk Polder in 1947. The results were backed up in 1996 by Steven Lamoreaux.
The Casimir Effect is used to support the standard view we have been discussing. That is, the energy of the vacuum resides in virtual and quasi-real particles whose existence is predicted by quantum field theory (particle interactions: Feynman diagrams and the Amplitudehedron).
The density of the vacuum (1093 gm/cm3) is used all the time in quantum theory to make equations work, but it is assumed the vacuum density has no physical meaning.
Hendrick Casimir discovered the vacuum density and its mechanical effects can be measured in a laboratory.
The effect works as follows: Take two uncharged plates of metal or other material that are extremely flat – precisely milled plates that can get within microns of each other.
As you bring them close together you eliminate the long wavelengths of the vacuum on the inside of the plates.
You maintain only the small wavelengths between the plates.
The result is more energy on the outside and less in the middle, so the plates get pushed together on their own – they will move towards each other.
The energy density decreases as the plates are moved closer, which implies there is a small force drawing them together.
If you exert force in the opposite direction so they don’t come together you get a massive amount of energy.
Why is this important?
In classical mainstream physics – if there is no external field then there should be no field between the plates, and no force would be measured. However, this is not the case.
“The most puzzling aspect of the effect is that the Casimir force depends on geometry. If the plates are replaced by hemispherical shells, the force is repulsive. Spherical surfaces somehow “enhance” the number of virtual photons.”16
This force illustrates a physical measurable extraction of energy from the ‘vacuum’. However, the Casimir Effect is a weak effect; while the theory predicts far too much vacuum energy. This leads us to the problem of the ‘Vacuum Catastrophe’ in the standard model.
The “Vacuum Catastrophe” in the Standard Model
“The discrepancy between theorized and observed vacuum energy is a source of major contention.” 17
This huge discrepancy is between the vacuum energy of free space using the upper limit of the cosmological constant and the vacuum energy of free space using quantum electrodynamics (QED). The former being 10−9 joules/cubic meter and the latter being 10113 joules/cubic meter.
This shows a discrepancy of around 120 orders of magnitude and illustrates a breakdown between classical and quantum physics.
Dynamic Steady State Universe (DSSU) Handles the Vacuum Catastrophe
Mainstream physicists are aware of the prediction of an infinite supply of energy, yet are puzzled by the situation.
In the DSSU the quantitative growth of the space medium (expansion of space) is a causeless energy-producing process. Causeless here meaning the vacuum represents an endless flow of source energy. It also provides an endless supply of the “substance” (essence) necessary for particle formation.
It perpetually sustains the precipitation and self-assembly of particles from the Aether. This means, the Aether contains an infinite source of energy/essence/substance. This flows from the realm of ‘non-existence’ or the metaphysical realm of time/space – the Source realm.
The cause, therefore, is not from an energy source as we know it. It is from consciousness.
Standard physics has a serious vacuum-energy problem. DSSU theory does not! It has a uniquely defined fundamental process of energy which allows a vacuum consisting of non-energy fluctuators and yet allows the vacuum to be a source of energy! It all hinges on the existence of the Aether.
VACUUM ENERGY vs. vacuum energy
Regarding the vacuum catastrophe: Empty space should have about 120 orders of magnitude more energy than the amount we measure it to have.
Lambda is the generic term for cosmic vacuum energy. Vacuum energy is ‘dark energy’ in the Big Bang model. This ‘dark energy’ supposedly caused the expansion of the universe and an acceleration of the expansion. In its negative form it can cause contraction and collapse of the Universe.
Einstein’s positive cosmological constant started the whole vacuum energy business. He used it to adjust his general-relativity model of the universe. It was a necessary force in his equations to explain why planets stayed in their orbits and didn’t come crashing into the sun due to the force of gravity.
It is unnecessary in the new Aether science that accounts for the inflow and outflow of Aether. These harmoniously opposing forces of the same Aether medium account for the planets staying in orbit and not crashing into the sun. It also accounts for the inexhaustible energy of the orbits of planets and electrons and accounts for why they do not suddenly run out of energy and stop moving.
The oscillations from time/space to space/time create interference patterns. These interference patterns create standing waves of geometry upon which spinning photons coalesce to become matter. The standing waves hold the planets in their geometric orbits, just as they hold electrons in their geometric orbits around the nucleus of an atom.
Cymatics illustrates this concept very well. (See Articles 120-121)
Cymatics patterns: Vibration (wavelengths, frequencies, amplitudes, harmonics) create standing waves of geometry. The particles continually move around within the bounds of these geometric orbits.
According to Conrad Ranzan and the DSSU, Cosmological Vacuum Energy is a valid concept, however, it is usually misappropriated in entirely unrealistic ways.
Consider cosmic vacuum energy as big VACUUM ENERGY. Think of particle physics vacuum energy as small vacuum energy. This type does not exist as we understand it!
The pulsations, oscillations, vibrations, ethereal motions – do not represent energy – they manifest at a level below (or prior) to physical energy. That is, they manifest below the Planck scale – the scale at which movements of consciousness exist.
“The point not grasped is that the energy of the space medium itself is not at all the same as the energy of the expansion (or contraction) of that medium.
Instead of using the aether as the medium with which to define energy, researchers have turned it into energy!”18
In this article we have taken a detour through some aspects of mainstream quantum physics and seen how it points to the existence of an Aether, called ‘vacuum energy’ by mainstream scientists.
This vacuum energy in all respects is the Aether, although its properties are highly debated.
Once we rework Einstein’s theory of general relativity and expand our scientific paradigm to include the new Aether science, the inconsistencies and paradoxes that arise between classical physics and quantum physics will melt away.
The sooner we release the old Einsteinian dogmas the better. There is ample evidence and experimentation, as well as brilliant minds working on the new paradigm that we can draw from to rewrite science as we know it. It is time to accept that the old paradigm is faulty. Only then can we begin to unify, clarify and use the new understanding of the universe for the greatest good, bringing humanity closer to a world of peace, prosperity and abundance for all.
- Baksa, Peter, The Zero Point Field: How Thoughts Become Matter? 3 August 2011, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-baksa/zero-point-field_b_913831.html
- Battersby, Stephen, It’s confirmed: Matter is merely vacuum fluctuations, 20 November 2008 New Scientist, https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16095-its-confirmed-matter-is-merely-vacuum-fluctuations/
- Baksa, Peter, The Zero Point Field: How Thoughts Become Matter? 3 August 2011, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-baksa/zero-point-field_b_913831.html
- Haramein, Nassim, What are Planck Spherical Units? 6 December 2013, http://www.eternalkeys.ca/Creation52d.html
- Mistiaen, Mark, A Black Hole at the Heart of the Atom: What if Nassim Haramein was right? Nexus, November-December 2013
- The Tom Bearden Website, http://www.cheniere.org/
- Genz, Henning, Nothingness: The Science of Empty Space, Basic Books, 2001
- Correa, Paulo N & Alexandra N, The Gravitational Aether, Part II
- Wolchover, Natalie, Scientists Discover a Jewel at the Heart of Quantum Physics, 11 December 2013, https://www.wired.com/2013/12/amplituhedron-jewel-quantum-physics/
- Mohideen, U. & Anushree Roy, Physical Review Focus 2, 28, 3 December 1998, https://physics.aps.org/story/v2/st28
- Ranzan, Conrad, The Fundamental Process of Energy – Part II, Infinite Energy Magazine, Issue #114 Mar/Apr 2014 www.cellularuniverse.org/Th6EnergyProcess-Part2_Ranzan.pdf